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Are there tribes in Afghanistan?
Afghanistan is a multiethnic and mostly tribal society. The population of the country consists of numerous ethnolinguistic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch, Pashai, Nuristani, Gujjar, Arab, Brahui, Qizilbash, Pamiri, Kyrgyz, Sadat and others. Altogether they make up the Afghan people.
What is the biggest tribe in Afghanistan?
Pashtun, also called Pushtan, Paktun or Pathan, are the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan. They live mainly in the south and the east of the country.
What are the three tribes in Afghanistan?
Afghanistan is a large, landlocked country in South Asia and is home to a number of different ethnic groups, languages, religions, and cultures. The three largest ethnic groups are the Pashtuns, the Tajiks, and the Hazaras. The Pashtuns are the largest ethnic group and are considered politically powerful.
How many Pathan tribes are there?
There were estimated to be about 11 million Pashtun in Afghanistan and 25 million in Pakistan in the early 21st century. They comprise about 60 tribes of varying size and importance, each of which occupies a particular territory.
Is Pashtun a tribe?
The Pashtun tribes (Pashto: پښتانه قبايل), historically also known as Afghan tribes, are the tribes of the Pashtun people, a large Eastern Iranian ethnic group who use the Pashto language and follow Pashtunwali code of conduct.
What is the main race in Afghanistan?
Afghanistan’s political life has always been dominated by ethnic Pashtuns, who are thought to make up more than a third of the population. Pashtuns are overwhelmingly Sunni with the exception of the Pashtun Turi tribe who are Shi’a.
Who are the real Pathans?
Pathans (Pashtuns) Muslim tribes of se Afghanistan and nw Pakistan. They speak various dialects of an e Iranian language, Pashto, and are composed of about 60 tribes, numbering in total perhaps 10 million.
Who ruled Afghanistan before Taliban?
1982. Some 2.8 million Afghans have fled from the war to Pakistan, and another 1.5 million have fled to Iran. Afghan guerrillas gain control of rural areas, and Soviet troops hold urban areas.
What are the major ethnic groups in Afghanistan?
– Pashtuns. Pashtuns make up an estimated 42\% of the population of contemporary Afghanistan. – Tajik. Tajiks are believed to have Iranian origins, and are also referred to as Farsi. – Hazara. Hazaras occupy the rugged central highlands regions in Afghanistan. – Uzbek. – Aimaq.
What is the largest tribe in Afghanistan?
Pashtun tribes. They are found primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan and form the world’s largest tribal society, comprising over 49 million people and between 350 and 400 tribes and clans. They are traditionally divided into four tribal confederacies: the Sarbani ( سړبني ), the Bettani ( بېټني ), the Gharghashti ( غرغښتي) and the Karlani ( کرلاڼي ).
What is the most populated city in Afghanistan?
Afghanistan has 1 cities with more than a million people, 9 cities with between 100,000 and 1 million people, and 59 cities with between 10,000 and 100,000 people. The largest city in Afghanistan is Kabul, with a population of 3,043,532 people.
What is the ethnic makeup of Afghanistan?
The Pashtuns (ethnic Afghans) make up the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, comprising between 38\% and 42\% of the country’s population. Their main territory, sometimes called Pashtunistan , is between the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and the Indus River in neighboring Pakistan, where they are the second largest ethnic group.