Table of Contents
Can you survive hemorrhagic fever?
There’s no cure for viral hemorrhagic fevers.
How is hemorrhagic fever diagnosed?
How common are viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs)? Each VHF virus exists only in geographic areas where its host species lives. Most VHF viruses do not occur naturally in the US, except for Hantaviruses.
Is there a cure for the Junin virus?
Junin virus, the causative agent of Argentine hemorrhagic fever (AHF), is an arenavirus identified as a category A high-priority agent. There are no Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs available for preventing or treating AHF, and the current treatment option is limited to administration of immune plasma.
What do all hemorrhagic fevers have in common?
How are hemorrhagic fever viruses grouped? VHFs are caused by viruses of four distinct families: arenaviruses, filoviruses, bunyaviruses, and flaviviruses. Each of these families share a number of features: They are all RNA viruses, and all are covered, or enveloped, in a fatty (lipid) coating.
What is Bolivian hemorrhagic fever?
Bolivian hemorrhagic fever (BHF), also known as black typhus or Ordog Fever, is a hemorrhagic fever and zoonotic infectious disease originating in Bolivia after infection by Machupo mammarenavirus.
What is Argentine hemorrhagic fever?
Argentine hemorrhagic fever (AHF) is a rodent-borne illness caused by the arenavirus Junin that is endemic to the humid pampas of Argentina. AHF has had significant morbidity since its emergence in the 1950s, with a case-fatality rate of the illness without treatment between 15\% and 30\%.
Which viral hemorrhagic fever has historically been associated with the highest fatality rate?
Marburg virus disease (MVD), formerly known as Marburg haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. The virus causes severe viral haemorrhagic fever in humans. The average MVD case fatality rate is around 50\%.
How can hemorrhagic fevers be prevented?
If you are traveling to an area where there is risk for viral hemorrhagic fevers: Wear long sleeves and long pants treated with permethrin Use insect repellent Use bed nets in areas where outbreaks are occurring Avoid contact with livestock or rodents in areas where outbreaks are occurring
What are the major types of hemorrhagic fever?
Yellow Fever. Yellow fever develops from a virus carried by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.
How to prevent dengue hemorrhagic fever?
Researchers are working on a vaccine to prevent dengue fever. However, it is currently unavailable. The best way to prevent dengue fever is to protect yourself from being bitten by mosquitos. Wear clothing that covers your arms and legs. Use mosquito netting and mosquito repellent when traveling in the tropics.
How is viral hemorrhagic fever diagnosed?
Laboratory tests, usually using a sample of your blood, are needed to confirm a diagnosis. Because viral hemorrhagic fevers are particularly virulent and contagious, these tests are usually performed in specially designated laboratories using strict precautions.