Table of Contents

## How did they determine elevation before GPS?

Before GPS technology was invented, geologists and cartographers assessed mountains with high-school trigonometry and high-powered protractors called theodolites and transits.

**How did they figure out elevation?**

Measuring elevation requires a series of complicated measurements. Most scientists today measure the elevation of mountains by placing radios on the peaks of a mountain range, after which, satellites take measurements and determine the elevation.

**How do surveyors find elevation?**

The elevation is calculated by subtracting the foresight rod reading from the height of instrument. A foresight is the elevation reading of a point of unknown elevation. The rod could be moved to other points as shown in Figure 13, and similar calculations would determine the elevations of these points.

### How did they measure the height of mountains?

To calculate the elevation of a mountain, scientists would measure the distance between two points on the ground and then measure the angles between the top of the mountain and each point. “If you have two angles, you know the third, because the sum of the angles is 180 [degrees],” Molnar told Live Science.

**How did they measure elevation in the 1800s?**

Surveyors used a device called the barometer which is used to determine the atmospheric pressure at a point. As the standard pressure at the mean sea level is known, subtracting the two pressures, we get the pressure difference between the two so we can easily find out the height of the mountain.

**How did they first measure Everest?**

According to The New York Times article: “Today, Everest’s height is widely recognized as 29,029 feet. In the 19th century, the height of Everest was calculated by measuring the angles between the top of the mountain and points on the ground whose positions relative to the average height of the sea were already known.

## How do I find accurate elevation?

Type https://www.google.com/maps into your web browser on a Mac or PC.

- Type your location into the search bar on the left side.
- Click the “Menu” bar, which is next to the search bar and is represented by the three horizontal lines in the top-left.
- Hit “Terrain” to show topography and elevation.

**How are surveying levels calculated?**

To start with, the H.L is calculated by adding the back sight of the R.L. of the starting point. The reduced levels of the intermediate point and the first change point are then obtained by subtracting the respective readings from the H.I.

**How do you accurately measure elevation?**

How to Measure Altitude Using Your Phone

- Accurate Altimeter (Android) One of the more popular options and also one of the best.
- Altitude Using the Compass App (iOS)
- My Altitude (iOS/Android)
- Altimeter & Altitude Widget (Android)
- Altimeter GPS – Hike & Trek (iOS)
- Altimeter Ler (Android)
- Altimeter (Android)

### Why are mountains height measured from sea level?

These again arise from the fact that we do not know where the base of the mountain is. Or, whether the point of observation and the base of the mountain at the same horizontal level. The Earth’s surface is not uniformly even at every place. Because of this, we measure heights from mean sea level.

**How is ground elevation measured?**

Take the total length of your string and divide it by the length of your level. Since this number equals the total difference in elevation from each post, multiply this number by the calculated distance between the string and level.

**How did sursurveyors measure the height of a mountain?**

Surveyors used a device called the barometer which is used to determine the atmospheric pressure at a point. As the standard pressure at the mean sea level is known, subtracting the two pressures, we get the pressure difference between the two so we can easily find out the height of the mountain.

## How were the survey data taken?

Most datums for surveys were taken from the mean sea level at some suitable national point. The one for the Ordnance Survey in Britain was originally in Liverpool, but since 1921 at Newlyn. Heights relative to those two datums were taken by triangulation in the normal manner.

**How do you find the height of a mountain from its pressure?**

As the standard pressure at the mean sea level is known, subtracting the two pressures, we get the pressure difference between the two so we can easily find out the height of the mountain. Eg. let the height of a mountain be ‘x’m, pressure at sea level be ’ps’, pressure at the top of cliff be ‘pt’ where ‘pt’ and ‘ps’ are known

**Is the G-GPS the primary altitude indicator for aircraft?**

GPS is not the primary altitude indicator for any aircraft, not in the past, nor now. Except in a very specific case that we’ll cover shortly. Atmospheric pressure changes with the weather and that can effect an altimeter’s accuracy.