Table of Contents
What happened between Ali and Muawiya?
Upon learning that Muawiya had declared himself caliph, Ali broke off all communications with him and introduced a curse on him, following the precedent of Muhammad. Muawiya reciprocated by introducing a curse on Ali, his sons, and his top general.
When was Muawiya born?
Muawiyah I/Date of birth
Who was the father of Abu Sufyan?
Harb ibn Umayyah
Abu Sufyan ibn Harb/Fathers
Abu Sufyan’s given name was Sakhr and he was born in c. 565 to father Harb ibn Umayya, a leader of the Quraysh tribe of Mecca, and mother Safiyya bint Hazn ibn Bujayr. The family belonged to the Banu Abd Shams clan of the Quraysh, the brother clan of the Banu Hashim, to which the Islamic prophet Muhammad belonged.
Who was Caliph Walid 1?
674 – 23 February 715), commonly known as al-Walid I (Arabic: الوليد الأول), was the sixth Umayyad caliph, ruling from October 705 until his death. He was the eldest son of his predecessor Caliph Abd al-Malik ( r .
Who was the father of Muawiya?
Abu Sufyan ibn Harb
Mu’awiya and his father Abu Sufyan had opposed Muhammad, their distant Qurayshite kinsman and later Mu’awiya’s brother-in-law, until Muhammad captured Mecca in 630. Afterward, Mu’awiya became one of Muhammad’s scribes. He was appointed by Caliph Abu Bakr ( r .
Who was the mother of Yazid?
Maysun bint Bahdal al-Kulaibi al-Nasrania
Maysun bint Bahdal (Arabic: ميسون بنت بحدل, romanized: Maysūn bint Baḥdal) was a wife of caliph Mu’awiya I ( r . 661–680), and as mother of his successor and son Yazid I ( r . 680–683).
Where is Muawiya buried?
Bab el Saghir Cemetery, Damascus, Syria
Muawiyah I/Place of burial
How was Abu Sufyan related to the prophet?
Abū Sufyān ibn al-Ḥārith ibn ‘Abd al-Muṭṭalib (Arabic: أبو سفيان بن الحارث بن عبد المطلب), born al-Mughīrah (المغيرة), was a companion and first cousin of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. …
What was Abu Sufyan name?
Sakhr ibn Harb
Abu Sufyan ibn Harb/Full name
What did Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan do?
Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan (died 680) was the founder of the Umayyad dynasty of caliphs. His clan, which had resisted Mohammed and his message longest and most vehemently, eventually won political control over the Islamic community.
Who was Muawiyah I?
Muawiyah I (Arabic: معاوية ابن أبي سفيان Muʿāwiyah ibn ʾAbī Sufyān; 602–680) was the first Caliph of the Umayyad Dynasty. After the conquest of Mecca by the Muslims, Muawiyah’s family converted to Islam.
How did Muawiya gain control of Islam?
His clan, which had resisted Mohammed and his message longest and most vehemently, eventually won political control over the Islamic community. As son of Abu Sufyan, one of the leaders of the Meccan opposition to Mohammed, Muawiya did not adopt Islam until the conquest of Mecca in 630.
Who were the Umayyad fathers?
Of the trio of the founding Umayyad fathers, Abu Sufyan, Muawiya and Yazid, Muawiya is the most significant, the most influential and most cunning. Sunnis lay a lot of credit on Muawiya’s door.