Table of Contents
- 1 What is the significance of secularization in a culturally diversified society?
- 2 What is the concept of secularism?
- 3 What is the significance of secularization?
- 4 Why is secularism important?
- 5 What is the origin of the rise of Communalism in India?
- 6 What does Communalism mean in government?
- 7 What is the difference between communalism and secularism?
- 8 Why are the principles of unity and secularism under threat?
What is the significance of secularization in a culturally diversified society?
As a result of secularization the role of religion in modern societies becomes restricted. In secularized societies faith lacks cultural authority, and religious organizations have little social power. Secularization has many levels of meaning, both as a theory and as a historical process.
What is the concept of secularism?
Secularism is the concept that government or other entities should exist separately from religion and/or religious beliefs. In another sense, it refers to the view that human activities and decisions, especially political ones, should be based on evidence and fact unbiased by religious influence.
What do you mean by communalism?
Communalism is a term used to denote attempts to construct religious or ethnic identity, incite strife between people identified as different communities, and to stimulate communal violence between those groups. It derives from history, differences in beliefs, and tensions between the communities.
What is communalism in sociology?
Murray Bookchin, a prominent libertarian socialist, defined the communalism he developed as “a theory of government or a system of government in which independent communes participate in a federation” as well as “the principles and practice of communal ownership”.
What is the significance of secularization?
Secularization refers to the historical process in which religion loses social and cultural significance. As a result of secularization the role of religion in modern societies becomes restricted.
Why is secularism important?
In political terms, secularism is a movement towards the separation of religion and government (often termed the separation of church and state). He argued that government must treat all citizens and all religions equally, and that it can restrict actions, but not the religious intent behind them.
How is secularism Practised in India?
However, India’s secularism does not completely separate religion and state. The Indian Constitution has allowed extensive interference of the state in religious affairs, such as constitutional abolition of untouchability, opening up of all Hindu temples to people of ‘lower caste’ etc.
What is the concept of secularism in India?
Secularism in India, thus, does not mean the separation of religion from state. Instead, secularism in India means a state that supports or participates in a neutral manner in the affairs of all religious groups.
What is the origin of the rise of Communalism in India?
Growth of Communalism in India: During the revolt of 1857, which is described as the first war for independence, Hindus and Muslims fought side by side united in their purpose of defeating a common enemy. After 1870 the British changed colors and instead started favoring the Muslim community.
What does Communalism mean in government?
communalism. / (ˈkɒmjʊnəˌlɪzəm) / noun. a system or theory of government in which the state is seen as a loose federation of self-governing communities. an electoral system in which ethnic groups vote separately for their own representatives.
How does Indian secularism work towards achieving the main idea behind secularism in the country explain in brief?
Nehru’s India was supposed to be committed to ‘secularism’. The idea here in its weaker publicly reiterated form was that the government would not interfere in ‘personal’ religious matters and would create circumstances in which people of all religions could live in harmony.
How is secularism in India different from secularism in the West?
Indian concept of secularism is different from the Western concept of secularism. In the West it is conceived as separation of state and religion. Although in India secularism is not separate from religion. The Western secularism means total non-interference of state and religion in the functioning of each other.
What is the difference between communalism and secularism?
It is often that the communalism of the community is a reaction of the communalism of another community. Secularism, as opposite of communalism was adopted by Indian Constitution, which means respect for all religions and tolerance of all faiths, no State religion and support or favour to any religion by the State.
Why are the principles of unity and secularism under threat?
The principles of unity and secularism are under threat due to rise in communalism and casteism. These two elements are powerful means in the hands of political parties and politicians to gain power in the Government. Many of the parties are dividing the Indians on the basis of community, caste and religions to get political power.
Is secularism compatible with the idea of state supported religious reform?
Indian Secularism has made room for and is compatible with the idea of state- supported religious reform. For example- Indian constitution bans untouchability under Article 17. There is also abolition of child marriage and lifting the taboo on inter-caste marriage sanctioned by Hinduism.
What is secularism in the Indian Constitution?
Secularism is one of the basic structures of the Indian Constitution which can neither be abridged nor be defaced. There are some constitutions in the world which provide for the religion of the State and supremacy of God. India is a multi religious country.